Credit Score

A credit score is a number that shows how creditworthy you really are consumer’s creditworthiness. It can range from 300 to 850. A borrower’s credit score measures how attractive they are to potential lenders. Credit is used to calculate credit score history, including open accounts, total debt levels, repayment history, and other factors. Credit scores are used by lenders to determine if they will lend an individual can repay loans on time.


  • Lenders will consider credit scores when deciding whether to give credit.
  • Many financial institutions use the FICO scoring system.
  • Credit scoring factors include the individual’s credit score, repayment history, type of loan, length of credit history, and total debt.
  • Credit utilization, or the current credit ratio, is one metric that can be used to calculate a credit score.
  • It is not always wise to close credit accounts that are not being used. This can lead to a lower credit score.

Credit score models were created by Fair Isaac Corporation (also known as FICO) and are used by financial institutions. Many credit scoring systems exist, but the FICO Score is the most widely used. There are many ways to improve a person’s credit score. These include repaying loans on time and keeping your debt low.

Credit Scores

Your credit score can have a powerful effect on your credit score financial life. Credit score plays an essential role in the decision of a lender to lend you credit. For example, people with less than 640 are considered subprime borrowers. To offset their higher risk, lending institutions charge more interest on subprime mortgages than conventional mortgages. Borrowers with low credit scores may require a shorter repayment period or a cosigner.

A credit score of 700 and above is considered excellent. This may lead to a borrower being offered a lower interest rate. In turn, they will pay less interest over the loan’s life. Scores above 800 are considered exceptional. Although each creditor has its own credit score ranges, the average FICO score is often used.

  • Poor: 300-579
  • Fair: 580-669
  • Good: 670-739
  • Very Good: 740-799
  • Excellent: 800 to 851

The amount of the initial deposit required to get a smartphone, cable, or utility service, or rent an apartment, may depend on a person’s credit score. Lenders often review borrowers’ credit scores when deciding whether to modify a credit limit or change an interest rate.

Credit Score Factors – How to Calculate Your Score

Three major credit reporting agencies are available in the United States: Experian, Equifax, and Transunion. The report, update and store credit history information. There might be slight differences between the data collected by each credit bureau. The main factors that are used to calculate a credit score are:

  1. History of payments
  2. Total amount owing
  3. Credit history length
  4. Different types of credit
  5. Credit new

The payment history is 35% of a credit score. It shows whether someone pays their bills on time. The total amount owed is 30%. It also considers the current credit used, known as credit utilization. 15 percent of credit history is determined by length. Longer credit histories are considered riskier because there is more information to make payment decisions.

This is 10% of a credit score. It shows whether a person has installment credit (such as car loans or mortgages) and revolving credit (such as credit cards). It also accounts for 10%. This includes how many accounts a person has recently, how many applications they have made, and the date that the last account was opened.


Closing credit cards that you don’t use can help lower your credit score if you have multiple credit cards.

Instead of closing them, collect the cards that you don’t need. You can keep them safe in separate, clearly labeled envelopes. You can access each card online and make sure you are correct. Each card must be checked for balances and your contact information, including your email address and address. You should also ensure that autopay is not set up for any of these. You can set up alerts in the section to add your phone number or email address. You won’t be using them, so make it a habit to check them regularly to ensure there isn’t any fraudulent activity. You can set a reminder to check them every six months or annually to ensure no fraudulent activity and that they have not been charged.

How to Increase Your Credit Score

Credit scores can change based on the new information added to a borrower’s credit report. These are ways that consumers can improve their credit scores:

  • You must pay your bills on time for six months to make a difference in your credit score.
  • Credit increase: Call your credit card company to inquire about credit increases. You should request an increase in credit limit if your account is in good standing. This amount should not be spent to maintain a lower credit utilization.
  • Do not close your credit card account. Close the account depending on your credit limit and age. This could cause credit scores to drop. Let’s say you have $1,000 of debt and $5,000 in credit. You can split the $5,000 equally between two cards. Your credit utilization ratio for this account is 20%. This is good. Closing one of these cards will result in a 40% credit utilization rate, which can negatively impact your score.
  • You can work with one of the top credit repair agencies for a monthly fee. Credit repair companies will negotiate on your behalf with creditors and credit agencies. It may be helpful to invest in one of the best Credit Monitoring Services to protect your information, considering all the opportunities that a high credit score can provide.


Your credit score can make or break your life. High credit scores will increase your possibilities of getting lower interest rates. This means you’ll pay less for any credit line you take out. As the borrower, it is up to you to ensure that your credit score remains strong and you have more options to borrow if needed.

Credit Score

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